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Monday, 29 January 2018

NCERT SOLUTION FOR CLASS 12 FLAMINGO ENGLISH INDIGO

THINK AS YOU READ:

1. Strike out what is not true in the following.

a)Rajkumar was:
i) a sharecropper
ii) a politician
iii) delegate
iv) a landloard

Ans: Rajkumar shukla was:
         i) a sharecropper.

b) Rajkumar Shukla was:
i) poor
ii) physically strong
iii) illiterate

Ans: Rajkumar was:
         i) poor
         ii) illiterate.

2) why is Rajkumar Shukla described as ' resolute' ?

Ans: Rajkumar Shukla is described as resolute because it was his resolution which force Gandhiji to ultimately agree to visit Champaran.
In December 1916 Gandhi was in Lucknow to attend the annual convention of the Indian National Congress Rajkumar travel from Champaran in Lucknow to meet Gandhi he told Gandhi half the deep injustice done to the peasant there. Gandhiji tour Shukla he had an appointment in Cawnpore and was committed to go to other part of India. In short Shukla was told that Gandhiji was not free enough to go to Champaran in the moment.
But Shukla would not take no for an answer . He accompanied Gandhiji everywhere he went. Then when Gandhiji returned to his ashram near Ahmedabad Shukla said "Fix a date".
It was this tenacity which made Gandhiji finally fix a date. So Shukla has rightly been described as being resolute

3) why do you think the servants thought Gandhi to be another present ?

Ans: Gandhiji believe in simplicity in his manners also he was so unassuming he had come with a present. So it was natural for the servants to think that Gandhiji was just another present.

4) list the places that Gandhi visited between his first meeting with Shukla and his arrival to Champaran.

Ans: Gandhi visited the following places between his meeting with Shukla and his arrival at Champaran.
i) Cawnpore
ii) the ashram near ahmedabad
iii) calcutta
iv) patna
v)  muzzafarpur.

5) what did the peasants pay the British landlord as rent? What did the British now want instead and why?  What would be the impact of synthetic Indigo on the prices of natural Indigo ?

Ans: Peasants where force to plant Indigo on the 15% of their Holdings the entire Indigo harvest was paid to the British landlords as rent.
Now the British wanted to do away with his contract and release the entire land to the peasant. For this, however they wanted a compensation. This happened because Germany had developed synthetic Indigo. The product of synthetic Indigo was bound to cause a sharp fall in the price of natural Indigo.

6) Why did Gandhi agree to a settlement of 25% refund to the farmers ?

Ans: Gandhi agree to the settlement of 25% refund to the farmers for two reason. First, there was a deadlock in the negotiations. The representatives of the planter had offered to return 25% because they thought Gandhi would never accept the proposal. The planters had the money with them and they were perhaps not interested in any kind of settlement. So they were quite surprised when Gandhi accepted his proposal. Thus the deadlock was broken and the peasants got a refund of 25% at least.
The second and the more important decision was that till then the planters had behave as Lords above the law. Now, the surrendering of a part of money by the planters indicated that the peasants too had the rights and the same will be defended.

7) How did the episode change the plight of the peasants?

Ans: The episode changed the plight of the peasants within five years, the British planters  abundoned the estate. The land was there was reverted to the peasants. The settlement ultimately made the peasants the owner of their land.